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What are the elements of false light?

What is False Light?


False light is one of several torts under the category of invasion of privacy where a defendant is accused of spreading falsehoods about a plaintiff that would be considered objectionable by the average person. False light is a privacy tort that is similar to defamation. The tort of false light allows individuals and businesses the right to protect themselves against the public dissemination of information, which puts them in a “false light.”


Elements of a False Light Claim

The following elements are generally required to prove the tort of false light:

The defendant publicized what he or she said about the plaintiff to others (typically information must be widely published, not just to a single person like defamation);
The statement showed the plaintiff to the public in a “false light” (i.e., the defendant communicated something false);
The statement would be highly offensive to a reasonable person; and
The defendant was at fault and/or acted with malice (to act with malice means the defendant knew or was reckless to the falseness of the statement).


Damages for the Tort of False Light

Under the tort of false light, a plaintiff can receive damages for the emotional harm that he or she suffered by the spread of the falsehood. Good faith on the part of the defendant, such as the defendant not knowing that what he was telling others was a lie, is typically not a defense to this tort. If a court finds that the tort of false light occurred, it will award damages, order an injunction, or both. Damages are calculated based on the extent of the harm suffered by the plaintiff.


Distinguishing Between False Light and Defamation Claims

As stated earlier, the tort of false light is very similar to the tort of defamation. In fact, several states do not even recognize the tort of false light because there can be so much overlap with the tort of defamation. The main difference between false light and defamation is that false light generally addresses the emotional distress (or dignity) a victim experiences from false statements, whereas defamation address the harm to a person’s public reputation.


False Light Removal Attorneys

If you believe that someone has published information about you or your business in a highly offensive or embarrassing manner on the internet, contact the experienced internet removal attorneys at Minc Law to evaluate your case. The attorneys at Minc Law are well-versed in false light law, and in many instances, it is possible to completely remove content from the web that put you or your business in a false light. To schedule a free, no-obligation initial consultation call (216) 373-7706 or schedule a meeting online.